Answer some questions about Jazz music.
Need help with my Writing question – I’m studying for my class.
History of Jazz MU 239
Take Home Mid Term
Pick One – (40 points) 2 pg min.
1. DukeEllington’ssong“JumpforJoy”(intheCanvasmusicmenu under the swing heading) is a strong example of his exploration of social justice themes through composition. The lyrics (not written by Duke) use metaphor, literary, historic, and religious references, as a ‘coded language’ to introduce and explore the specific social theme inspiring this song. Using research (online, articles, podcast etc), identify the theme and give a line-by-line analysis of the lyrics. How does the music compliment, and support the theme?
2. Billie Holiday and Ella Fitzgerald were two of the most distinct voices not only of the swing era, but in all of jazz history. Each had a unique style and both in their own ways contributed to the development of vocal jazz. Listen to “My Last Affair” and “ I Can’t Get Started” (Canvas music menu under Ella and Bille heading). There are two versions of each song, one done by Billie the other by Ella. Compare and contrast their singing styles (like we did in class with Lester Young and Coleman Hawkins). Identify which singer is a vertical style singer and which is a horizontal style singer. Explain and defend your choices, citing specific examples in EACH song for each singer. Listen to “How High the Moon” and “Gloomy Sunday”. Both Billie and Ella were ‘daughters’ of Louis Armstrong’s approach to jazz singing (remember there are two components to his innovation of jazz singing), and each took a specific component of Armstrong’s innovation and elevated it to new heights. Explain and defend your choices with specific examples from each song.
Pick One – (20 points) 1pg min.
- TheGreatDepressionhadapowerfuleffectonallfacetsof American life in the 30’s, including culture. By the mid to late 30’s Jazz or “swing music” was accepted as America’s popular music and the big band became the standard jazz ensemble. Explain how the Depression influenced the rise of the big bands thus creating an overwhelming cultural acceptance of Jazz. Be sure to discuss economic factors, social factors and technological factors that all played a part in this shift. Provide detailed data and other specifics to support your ideas.
- TheSwingErausheredindramaticsocialchangeswithinthemusic industry. Old structures and rules about who could play jazz, what they were allowed to play, or with whom, were challenged by the new Swing Generation of players. The “All Girl Swing Bands” of the 1930’s and 40’s mark a significant shift in the role of women in the music industry and in jazz specifically. Read the collection of articles and editorials called “Jazz and Gender During the War Years” (in the articles module). Identify the challenges women in jazz had to face during the swing era (stereotypes, tropes, controversies, objectification, etc). Be specific and quote from various sources within the reading. Do your own research (online articles etc) on contemporary female artists, and comment on the modern state of gender in the music industry. What changes have occurred? What issues of inequality persist? Give specific examples of contemporary artists (both vocal and instrumental) to support your opinions and research.
Pick Two – (10 points each) 1⁄2 pg min. each
5. LouisArmstrong’sHot5&7Recordingsofthemidtolate20’s changed jazz forever and ushered in the “modern” sound of the master soloist. Discuss the 5 major innovations developed by Armstrong on these recordings. Support your answers by citing specific examples from Armstrong songs (on Canvas). Discuss at least one song for each innovation.
- BennyGoodmanisconsideredapivotalandimportantpersonin the swing music era. Give a brief, detailed account of the 3 major events that make Goodman such a historically important figure.
- TheBasiebandisconsideredthepinnacleoftheKansasCitysound. Describe the various elements/concepts showcased in that band that exemplify the KC sound. Give specific song examples.