Constitution that stipulates that the Constitution, and the laws of the United States, represent the supreme law of the nation is referred as Answer a. the necessary and proper clause. b. the supremacy clause. c. the full faith and credit clause. d. the privileges and immunities clause. 4 points Question 2 Courts that hear cases for the first time and decide on guilt or innocence or resolves disputes on the merits of the facts of the case are referred to as Answer a. courts of original jurisdiction. b. Supreme courts. c. courts of appellate jurisdiction. d. intermediate courts. 4 points Question 3 Judicial review gives judges the power to Answer a. try cases and render decisions. b. declare legislative acts unconstitutional. c. hold office for life. d. create new federal courts when needed. 4 points Question 4 Which Supreme Court case declared that sodomy laws were unconstitutional? Answer a. Lawrence v. Texas b. Bowers v. Hardwick c. Griswold v. Connecticut d. Loving v. Virginia 4 points Question 5 This subfield of political science would evaluate the voting trends of those over age 65 in three different democracies. Answer a. International relations b. Comparative politics c. American politics d. Political sociology 4 points Question 6 Which of the following is NOT an authoritarian state? Answer a. Saudi Arabia b. India c. Pakistan d. Iran 4 points Question 7 This state was the most prolific colonial power in the world during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries possessing colonies as diverse as Ireland and India. Answer a. United State b. France c. Germany d. Great Britain 4 points Question 8 This is the practice of conquering and incorporating states/territories within the political control of one state. Answer a. Hegemony b. Colonialism c. Globalization d. Genocide 4 points Question 9 When one person is in charge of an entire government, it is commonly referred to as a(n) Answer a. autocracy b. democracy c. oligarchy d. aristocracy 4 points Question 10 This concept emerged in Italy in the 1920s and was defined by the belief that the state’s wellbeing is held above those of the individual and each individual was forced into working for the success of the entire state. Answer a. Communism b. Socialism c. Maoism d. Fascism 4 points Question 11 The United States utilizes _____________ that allows different levels of government to create legislation. Answer a. utilitarianism b. federalism c. bicameralism d. unitarianism 4 points Question 12 The vast majority of democratic states in the world are legislated by the central government. These states are therefore considered Answer a. federal. b. unitary. c. hybrid. d. authoritarian. 4 points Question 13 In _____________ systems the leader of the executive branch is elected by the people in a separate election. Answer a. federal. b. socialist. c. unitary. d. presidential. 4 points Question 14 Historically, ______________ have been much more common than ______________. Answer a. authoritarian states; democracies b. democracies; authoritarian states c. polities; democracies d. democracies; oligarchies 4 points Question 15 ___________ is a system designed to keep power in the hands of the male population. Answer a. Paternity b. Maternity c. Matriarchy d. Patriarchy 4 points Question 16 This document, known as ___________ Code suggested that the gods called on him to lead the people. Answer a. Moses’ b. Jesus’ c. Al-Farabi’s d. Hammurabi’s 4 points Question 17 The ability to make others (persons or states) do something that they would not have otherwise done on their own is an example of Answer power. war. embargo. debate. 4 points Question 18 When one state either directly utilizes or at least threatens force (military or economic), scholars in international relations refer to it as Answer a. hard power. b. soft power. c. violence. d. manipulation. 4 points Question 19 Soft power was coined by international relations scholar Answer a. Thomas Friedman b. Karl Marx c. Raul Prebisch d. Joseph Nye 4 points Question 20 Classic realists have asserted that the international system is based on three core assumptions. Answer a. The state is the dominant actor in international affairs, states are rational, unitary actors, and the international system is anarchical and chaotic. b. The international community is organized, comprised of states that are rational, unitary actors, who work together. c. The international system is chaotic, comprised of self-motivated states that act on behalf of each other in precise international organizations. d. States are irrational, unitary actors in a chaotic international system.