PHIL 1301 Essay

PHIL 1301 Essay.

I’m trying to study for my Philosophy course and I need some help to understand this question.

  • The authors claim that Xenophanes is a step along the road to Monotheism (there is only one divine entity). Why is this so? How does Xenophanes’ criticisms of traditional myths play a role in this turn?
  • Based on your reading, how do you understand the notion of LOGOS in Heraclitus?
  • How might Heraclitus’ concept of the LOGOS and criticisms of his fellow Greeks help along Xenophanes’ criticisms of everyday Greek theology?
  • Choose one of the fragments below to interpret within your essay.
    • “Donkeys would much prefer straw to gold” (Callicott et al 2018, 115).
    • “This world-order, the same of all, no god nor man did make, but it ever was and is and will be: everliving fire, kindling in measures and going out in measures” (122).
    • “A road up and down is one and the same” (122).
    • “Into the same rivers we step and do not step” (123).
    • “Nature loves to hide” (125).
  • Based on what my co-authors and I relate in the beginning of this chapter, How do you perceive Socrates? How does Aristophanes portray Socrates’ philosophical project? Based on the portrayal, do you see Socrates as a successor to Xenophanes and Heraclitus? Why or why not?
  • Source: CALLICOTT, VAN BUREN, BROWN, Ch3: Xenophanes and Heraclitus.

PHIL 1301 Essay

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